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Tier 1: SWPBIS Basics

What is School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions & Supports (SWPBIS)?

  • School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions & Supports (SWPBIS) is a multi-tiered problem-solving model designed to prevent inappropriate behavior through teaching and reinforcing appropriate behaviors.
  • A SWPBIS model is designed to offer a range of preventive strategies and interventions that are systematically applied to students, based on their demonstrated level of need.
  • SWPBIS also addresses the role of the environment in the development and improvement of behavior problems.

          “If a child doesn’t know how to read, we teach.”
          “If a child doesn’t know how to swim, we teach.”
          “If a child doesn’t know how to multiply, we teach.”
          “If a child doesn’t know how to drive, we teach.”
          “If a child doesn’t know how to behave, we……..... ……….teach? ………punish?”
          “Why can’t we finish the last sentence as automatically as we do the others?”
          Tom Herner (NASDE President ) Counterpoint 1998, p.2)

Big Ideas In Tier 1 Positive Behavior Interventions & Supports

What does Tier 1 SWPBIS look like?

  • > 80% of students and staff can tell you what is expected of them (without looking at posters...)
  • Positive interactions exceed negative (5:1)
  • Positive Behavior is formally acknowledged
  • Changes to the physical environment are considered as solutions to reduce challenging behavior
  • Faculty & Staff systematically supervise student behavior
  • Behavioral errors are systematically corrected
  • Data & team-based action planning & implementation are operating
  • Administrators are active participants

How do we do this in our school?

While implementing SWPBIS it is important to remember that it will be difficult to add another initiative to your school's existing list of "things to do."
Schools that are successful in implementing SWPBIS take stock of existing structures and determine where the SWPBIS team and initiative will fit in. This process may be done using a tool called the Committee Matrix. Click on the tool below for more information.

Committee Review Worksheet This download link is for a Microsoft Word document.

Behavior Screening

Just as we screen for academics, it is helpful to learn early as possible about students that may need additional behavioral support. One way schools can be proactive is by using tools that alert educators about students that are exhibiting early signs of challenging behavior. The Student Risk Screening Scale (SRSS) (Drummond) is such a tool that many schools are using to screen for behavior early and throughout the school year. Click on the linkbelow to learn more about SRSS and how to use it.